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    裝修時瓷磚鋪貼要注意哪些問題?
    RSS 打印 復制鏈接 發布時間:2019-06-12 16:03:29

    1瓷磚的分類、特性及檢驗方法

    1.1瓷磚的分類

    瓷磚可分為:拋光磚、釉面磚、通體磚、微晶磚。

    1.2瓷磚的簡易檢測方法

    1)看表面:與光線成不同的角度去觀看瓷磚的表面,好的磚面應無雜點、針孔、表面不平等缺陷,好的磚面應干凈平滑、視覺舒適,不會造成光污染。2)看坯體、看斷面:坯體白凈無雜質;好的磚斷層處顏色均一,無黑心、夾層現象。3)聽聲音:用硬物輕擊磚面,質量好的產品聲音清脆響亮,瓷化程度高;反之聲音悶啞則表明磚的質量不好。4)試吸水率大小、試防污:好的瓷磚吸水率低,釉面不滲透,化妝土能有效防止返滲,防污性能強。5)試防滑:地磚需要防滑效果好,好的地磚亮而不滑,遇水發澀。可用手觸摸感覺,用腳試驗干防滑和滴水后的濕防滑效果。

    2瓷磚鋪貼施工的注意事項

    瓷磚鋪貼前應進行挑選,并應浸水2h以上,晾干表面水分(嚴格按此要求操作可充分滿足花紋拼接、留縫大小等設計要求,并減少空鼓率)。鋪貼前應進行放線定位和排磚,非整磚應排放在次要部位或陰角處。每面墻不應有兩列非整磚,非整磚寬度不宜小于整磚的1/3(嚴格按此操作可對每面墻的用磚量有效控制,并能把握非整磚使用時的美觀度)。鋪貼前應確定水平及豎向標志,墊好底尺,掛線鋪貼(嚴格按此操作可保證鋪貼效果的平直)。結合砂漿宜采用1∶2水泥砂漿,砂漿厚度宜為6mm~10mm。水泥砂漿應滿鋪在墻磚背面,一面墻不宜一次鋪貼到頂(嚴格按此操作能保證粘貼的牢固程度,防止空鼓塌落)。鋪貼完畢后應及時清理表面,24h后及時勾縫(嚴格按此操作可防止滲臟,并保持水分)。

    3瓷磚一般質量缺陷及防治措施

    1)同一面墻上出現兩條小于1/2寬度的磚,影響觀感。原因分析:施工前沒有排磚,或處于成本考慮,用了小條磚。預防措施:施工前做好排磚試鋪,依據各個房間尺寸,數量統籌安排,整體鋪裝方案規劃,能有效降低材料損耗率。2)墻面瓷磚出現不同程度的龜裂現象,并且反復出現。原因分析:材料問題。解決辦法:材料采購時注意選樣,鳳陽,選擇合格產品,進行抽樣檢測,檢測合格后方可上墻。3)墻磚陽角采用對拼角施工,拼角處容易崩瓷,開裂,受撞擊后掉碴。原因分析:由于磕碰或者溫度、沉降,特別是管道井位置等變形導致陽角處開裂,且此處維修困難。解決辦法:采用成品陽角線,降低施工難度,維修成本。4)墻磚慎用玻化磚,容易造成空鼓和脫落,玻化磚和水泥砂漿粘結效果較差,墻面磚避免選擇玻化磚,使用收縮性較小的水泥品種,同時加入建筑膠。瓷磚墻面,地面及踢腳線不對縫,影響美觀。原因分析:正常施工順序為先墻后地,在施工中未嚴格控制或者中途更換操作人員,未充分考慮地面特殊情況。預防措施:施工前應排磚撂底,根據具體情況調整,盡量使裝飾材料幅寬一致,觀感完整。

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